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Mysterious structures

Stonehenge — creation of another civilization

Although most scientists believe that Stonehenge was built in the era of the birth of the bronze age (between 1900 and 1600 BC), though there are researchers who attribute this mysterious construction to much more ancient times.

Stonehenge was built by an unknown ancient civilization

This unique structure in the UK has no analogues neither in the country nor in the world. Written about him many articles and books, in Stonhenge excavated, studied, put forward about its origin and purpose of dozens of hypotheses. But now you can’t firmly say that mystery stonhenge disclosed.

The researchers, who suggest that Stonehenge was built by an unknown ancient civilization, pay attention to a number of facts that still require explanation. First, in the period to which many scholars attribute the construction of stonhenge in the area had a small population, and in the construction of this facility had to participate if not hundreds, then certainly tens of thousands of people. But they still had to organize, to unite by a common idea. Who can solve this difficult task with the current then a low level of civilization?

Secondly, rocks (dolerite, rhyolite and volcanic Continue reading

Old buildings in the world

Crypts. It is beautiful to die is not forbidden

Fashion is the construction of the crypts. One of the first Kyiv – family

the crypt of a prominent politician Petro Poroshenko

On weekdays, the cemetery Zverinetska quiet and deserted. So much so that each

a rustling sound behind you makes you turn around and firmly grab her own purse

(you never know!). Old, barely visible graves, lop-sided monuments alternate

with a very modern black granite tombstones, with dates of graves end

While the construction is in full swing. It’s amazing how tight it is among

a graves, between which and squeeze something impossible, there is such

dome, gold plated cross on top. One of the tombs fenced

tracery cast-iron railing painted silver. The structure at the corners

crowned by slender columns with gilded tops. If you get closer and

look through the bars, we can see a big domovinu of black granite.

fenced wrought iron gates, over which is installed a small granite female

statue with cross in hand and wings on his shoulders. To get inside, apparently, can

only the closest people. Through the wrought iron gate you can see the semi-circular openwork

Playground, black granite walls back a high hill cemetery. Continue reading

Gothic cathedrals


From the XII century Romanesque style gradually became replaced with a new style – Gothic.

This period in the development of medieval art in the territories of Central, Western and Eastern (part) of Europe occurred in the XII-XVI centuries. Initially the term “Gothic” refers to architecture, but he gradually embraced almost all forms of art.

The history of the style

Gothic began their March across Europe from the middle of the XII century with France. From XIII century it had already spread to the territory of modern England, Austria, Germany, Spain, Czech Republic.

Gothic Cathedral in Coutances (France)

To Italy the Gothic style came somewhat modified, it is called: “Italian Gothic”. And Eastern Europe adopted this style later and said goodbye to him later – in the XVI century.

While talking about the farewell to the Gothic, perhaps, be wrong: in the middle of the XIX century (this period was called the period of eclecticism – a mixture of styles) architecture often has to resort to the elements of the Gothic, and later started talking about the neo-Gothic style. The Gothic revival (the”new Gothic”) emerged in England in the 40-ies of the XVIII century – it was the revival of the forms and design features of the medieval Gothic.

In the early nineteenth century coined the term “Gothic novel”, which meant the literary genre of the romantic era Continue reading

The Gothic structure


The middle ages. The era of romance and lofty emotions, jousting and faith in the other world, produced darkly elegant Gothic.

The word “Gothic” comes from the Italian word “gotico”, which means something barbaric, unusual. This is not surprising since the Gothic style in architecture and art has replaced the usual Europeans Romanesque style, which was the echo of ancient culture ancient Byzantium.

The most evident Gothic style in architecture. Its high Lancet Windows, pointed arches, narrow high tower, and numerous stained glass Windows replaced the massive Romanesque walls with small Windows, bringing in the new architecture of the invention is the frame structure.

Thanks to this design of the building of the Gothic period are easily recognizable.

The main feature of Gothic style is that all elements of the architecture emphasized extended, as if striving upwards. This is because the style originated in the times of the Crusades – religious age, and therefore it manifests itself mostly in the architecture of religious buildings – churches, temples, chapels, etc. representing the human desire for God.

The most striking example of Gothic architecture can serve the Church in the monastery of Saint – Denis, recognized as the first building built in the Gothic style.

This same religiosity Continue reading

Tectonic structure of continents

Tectonic structure of continents

A. the continent consists of two main structural elements — Waandishi Vostok platform and folded mountain belt of the Andes

Waandishi platform include Precambrian East SA and epihercynian platform (epibionts) Patagonian plate

The Foundation of the South American platform consists of uneven-aged blocks, consolidated during the period of the upper Proterozoic-early Paleozoic.

The largest of the protrusions of the Foundation — Guiana, Western Brazil and Eastern Brazilian shields;

West Guiana and Brazilian shields almost entirely of glubokoeshelonirovannoj and intensely deformed rocks of the Archean and lower Proterozoic (gneisses, crystalline schists and granites).

The Eastern Brazilian shield consists of separate blocks of early Precambrian – banality (Serra dospinescu, Chapada Diamantina, etc.)

On the Western Guiana and Brazilian shields have survived composing the watershed areas of outcrops of ancient, protoplectron cover, composed of red clastic strata and layers of basalts; in terrain they correspond to tepui and Chapada

Younger case (middle — upper Paleozoic and Mesozoic) performs syneclise platform. Social the inhomogeneous case. In the late Carboniferous — early Perm territory to the South of the Amazon was covered by a cover glaciation. (Perm-Carbuncle Continue reading

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Megaliths or megalithic monuments
Megaliths or megalithic monuments are also entries in the great encyclopedia of Brockhaus and Efron - prehistoric constructions of great stone blocks or slabs, of stone (Neolithic), bronze, and partly…

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Stone Grave
Stone Grave - a SUPER ANCIENT STRUCTURE Stone grave under Melitopol (Ukraine) is one of the oldest temple complexes. It is not just a hill of stone slabs, resembling a…

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Ancient Rome
The development of Roman architecture is divided into two main period . Republican and Imperial . For the period from IV century until 30 BC, the Roman Republic from small…

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