The Gothic structure
The middle ages. The era of romance and lofty emotions, jousting and faith in the other world, produced darkly elegant Gothic.
The word “Gothic” comes from the Italian word “gotico”, which means something barbaric, unusual. This is not surprising since the Gothic style in architecture and art has replaced the usual Europeans Romanesque style, which was the echo of ancient culture ancient Byzantium.
The most evident Gothic style in architecture. Its high Lancet Windows, pointed arches, narrow high tower, and numerous stained glass Windows replaced the massive Romanesque walls with small Windows, bringing in the new architecture of the invention is the frame structure.
Thanks to this design of the building of the Gothic period are easily recognizable.
The main feature of Gothic style is that all elements of the architecture emphasized extended, as if striving upwards. This is because the style originated in the times of the Crusades – religious age, and therefore it manifests itself mostly in the architecture of religious buildings – churches, temples, chapels, etc. representing the human desire for God.
The most striking example of Gothic architecture can serve the Church in the monastery of Saint – Denis, recognized as the first building built in the Gothic style.
This same religiosity and belief in the afterlife gave rise to the sculptural uniqueness of Gothic.
Endless war between good and evil, angels and demons reflected in the respective sculptures that adorn the exterior walls and roofs of cathedrals and churches (for example, creepy Chimera on the roof of Notre Dame Cathedral in France).
The cross design of the arches thus spared from the interior of the massive walls, freeing up space and filling it with graceful columns and arches. This has resulted in a refined and fine outside, of the building of the Gothic period was no less exquisite from the inside, having a peculiar delicacy and lightness.
And of course the most important feature of Gothic style – multi-color stained glass, which is the invariable decoration of any building of the Gothic period.
In XVIII-XIX centuries the Gothic style in architecture has received a second life under the name “neo-Gothic”.
The Gothic period is characterized by the fact that, based on modern culture and technology, the architects tried to bring exquisite features of the Gothic, giving birth to St. Patrick’s Cathedral and the Brooklyn bridge in new York, and in London – the British Parliament.
However, architecture is the only area that was affected by the neo-Gothic style.
Although the Gothic style found its expression mainly in the architecture and in the design of modern interiors almost never used, many elements still occur quite frequently.
The first is stained glass, which can be frequently seen in large buildings or private homes.
In urban apartments is decorated with stained glass Windows typically interior doors or partitions.
Lancet Windows and arches, wrought-iron beds and a fireplace grate, statues and statuettes depicting the Madonna of the cherubim, angels, – all these echoes of the Gothic culture. which can be found in almost any home.