Great buildings, hidden on the seabed
A few years ago half a mile from the shore of the Corinthian Gulf under a layer of silt were found fragments of buildings. During further investigations of the ruins revealed that the remains of these buildings is nothing like the architectural structures of the ancient city Heliki, which was destroyed by an earthquake in 373 BC, the History of the ancient city that was swallowed by the sea, not isolated. Many ruins of ancient settlements lie exactly on the bottom so if on land you cannot find the remains of the vanished city, archaeologists have to proceed to underwater excavations. As a result of these expeditions revealed many secrets of the ancient world. Today we tell about 10 lost cities that have been found under the water.
The Atlit-Yam, Israel
This is one of the oldest and largest ever discovered submerged settlements. The estimated age of the city — 7000 BC, the remains of the ruins are preserved so well that among the buildings you can still find skeletons of bugs and people. The city was discovered in 1984. How the city went under water for scientists still remains a mystery. Researchers have proposed many theories: from tsunami to gradual sea-level rise due to melting glaciers.
Earthquake in 335 BC the most part of ancient Alexandria was flooded. Among the sunken buildings was the legendary Palace of Cleopatra. In 1998, archaeologists managed to find the ruins of the city, including the lost Palace. It was found more than 140 artifacts. Excavations continue to this day. Researchers do not exclude the possibility of establishing an underwater Museum.
The herakleon and Canopus, Egypt
The herakleon and Canopus was called the twin cities that guard the gates of Egypt. For over 1,200 years after the flood they disappeared under the water. Presumably, the city had been built over a giant voids filled with water, and at some point under the weight of the structures they failed. Prior to their opening in 1999, the only evidence of their existence remains the manuscripts of historians and stories from mythology. Ancient ruins were discovered at a depth of 7 meters. With its numerous temples, statues and houses of both cities were literally frozen in time.
Pavlopetri became the first underwater city that was discovered by archaeologists. Palaces, tombs and other buildings have remained in almost the same form as thousands of years ago. The location of the city was first mapped in 2009. Archaeologists found that the city covers more than 30,000 square meters. Presumably, the city went under water in 1000 BC as a result of the earthquake.
In the heyday of the Roman Empire Bailly was a favorite place among the aristocracy. The city was destroyed in the 8th century ad, Muslim invaders, and by 1500 was completely abandoned. Due to volcanic activity over time, the city went under water.
The Complex Of Yonaguni, Japan
Near the island of Yonaguni in 1985 under the water was discovered a mysterious object — a giant monument with numerous terraces. Underwater pyramid is located at a depth of 25 meters. Presumably, the age of the monument is more than 5000 years. Who built it and under what circumstances he was under water for scientists remains a mystery.
The ancient Mayan city rests at a depth of 35 metres, in the waters of lake Atitlan. It was discovered only in 1996 by the diving Roberto Samayoa. Scientists suggests that the city sank about 2,000 years ago by volcanic activity. Altars, incense burners and other artifacts indicate that it happened suddenly.
Port Royal, Jamaica
The main haven of pirates, smugglers and other scum after the earthquake in 1692 was under water. During underwater excavations the archaeologists found buildings, historical documents and some canned foods. Currently under development are several projects on modernization of the underwater city into a tourist attraction.
Ancient Dwarka was situated on the banks of the river Gomti. It is believed that as a result of certain events he was plunged under the water. The ruins were discovered in 2000 at a depth of 35 meters in the Gulf of Cambay. The age of some of the raised artifacts Dating back to 7500 BC.