Brick in the interior: from the Gothic castle to the loft
In a brick rhythm
Brickwork in the interior has become a fashionable “chip” after the current trend is to convert old industrial buildings into homes. To cover with brick wall trim of such structure and difficult and costly, and even blasphemous, because you will lose one of the main distinguishing features that create the very “industrial aesthetics”. So with the mid-twentieth century fashion entered the rough brick walls in the interior.
To purchase premises in the old industrial and commercial buildings, not all could afford them, and to bring to the interior a fresh approach wanted. Realized the idea with brick walls by creating a not particularly realistic imitations: one papered wall paper Wallpaper brick, while others were accepted for the painting, depicting on the walls brickwork.
By the end of the last century, there are more opportunities for the realization of design ideas, and it is, of course, reflected in the trends of interior fashion. “If you have the opportunity to create almost a real brick masonry in the interior, it means we have to create it” — probably thought about so many designers and went to work. Brick in the interior of urban and suburban housing has become associated not only with the aesthetics of industrial areas, but also with other styles and directions.
You like the idea of a brick wall in the interior of your home? You are fascinated by the “brick” rhythm and brutality of the “brick” Continue reading
The culture of Western Europe in the Middle ages
For the first time the term “middle ages” were used by the Italian humanists in the fifteenth century calling so the time that separates them from the era of classical antiquity. The beginning of the middle ages is 476 – the year of the fall of the Western Roman Empire, ending up in different historiographical schools are considered to be either 1492 – discovery of America by Columbus, or 1517 – start of Protestant reformation in Germany, or 1640 – beginning of the bourgeois revolution in England. The conquest of the territory of the Western Roman Empire by barbarians in the V century led to the decline of ancient culture. The barbarians destroyed the city, destroyed the monuments of ancient art, library. The period from the end of IV century on the eighth century is referred to in the historiography of the “dark ages”, or “the period of great resettlement of peoples”.
The art of the Middle ages very different from the ancient: instead of perfect harmony – the appeal in the first place to the spiritual world, the contradiction between reality and the spiritual ideal.
The Christian religion has had a dominant influence on the development of medieval art (during the V-XI centuries. was the adoption of Christianity by virtually all the peoples of Europe). Christianity denied the ancient harmony of body and spirit, human and the earthly world. The main attention of the artists of the middle ages gave the world the hereafter, the art was considered as the Bible for the illiterate, as a means of familiarizing Continue reading
Turofed — travel
Megalithic temples of Hagar and Ggantija.
Among other merits before history, the Maltese archipelago is world famous for the fact that the most ancient man-made structures on Earth are located here. This is the megalithic temples.
Hagar “standing stones (to) worship” – a megalithic temple complex on the island of Malta. Refers to the phase of Ggantija Maltese ancient history (3600-3200 BC).
The temple of Hagar Qim stands on a hilltop, with views of the sea and the islet of Filfla (Filfla). The temple is a single temple structure, although it is unclear whether it was built originally as four or pateamine structure. In fact, this religious building from the huge raw or semi-processed stone blocks, which include dolmens (funerary box, covered with a massive flat slab), and menhirs (single standing stones) and cromlechs (circular fence). Maltese megaliths are dolmens.
The fact that all the buildings were built of stone blocks, the size of which is 8 meters long and weighs tens of tons. Still, it remains a mystery how could the people of that era, which were known only primitive tools, to create such a large building material whole complexes of buildings, and even to lay the stones so tightly that they are no cracks. However, Continue reading