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Megalithic temples of Hagar

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Megalithic temples of Hagar and Ggantija.

Among other merits before history, the Maltese archipelago is world famous for the fact that the most ancient man-made structures on Earth are located here. This is the megalithic temples.

Hagar “standing stones (to) worship” – a megalithic temple complex on the island of Malta. Refers to the phase of Ggantija Maltese ancient history (3600-3200 BC).

The temple of Hagar Qim stands on a hilltop, with views of the sea and the islet of Filfla (Filfla). The temple is a single temple structure, although it is unclear whether it was built originally as four or pateamine structure. In fact, this religious building from the huge raw or semi-processed stone blocks, which include dolmens (funerary box, covered with a massive flat slab), and menhirs (single standing stones) and cromlechs (circular fence). Maltese megaliths are dolmens.

The fact that all the buildings were built of stone blocks, the size of which is 8 meters long and weighs tens of tons. Still, it remains a mystery how could the people of that era, which were known only primitive tools, to create such a large building material whole complexes of buildings, and even to lay the stones so tightly that they are no cracks. However, Continue reading

Underground secrets of Parma

Underground secrets of Parma.

The first Russians came to the Urals in the XV-XVI centuries, the settlement was continued in XVII century and in XVIII century became widespread. Built fortress towns. Everyone in the Urals famous legends about Chud tribes who built extensive underground tunnels, the arches of which were supported by wooden pillars. Ancient man-made underground labyrinth was discovered at the confluence of the White to the Kama river. Probably they dug the Bulgars before the arrival of the Horde. When the Urals began mining industry, the plants also encompass ramparts, walls, ditches and had its underground part. Built penstocks – tunnels through which the water rushed to the wheels, which resulted in movement mechanisms in plants. Directly to the factory towns came mining, mines gallery. Constructed drainage channels, diverting excess water. The presence of these old mines that sometimes causes failures and subsidence.

In addition to countless number of natural caves in the Urals and a lot of hand-made dungeons with their secrets. These dungeons are called architectural and historical.

To systematically explore the man-made underground cities in the Urals began in the early 80’s. At the Sverdlovsk architectural Institute was organized by the group “Terra”. It was headed by Professor V. Slukin, who wrote the later book.

The first Russians came to the Urals in the XV-XVI centuries, the settlement was continued in XVII century and in XVIII century became widespread. Built fortress towns. Continue reading

London – famous cathedrals

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Among the architectural confusion of the London city reigns proudly the main symbol of the town is the famous St. Paul’s Cathedral. developed by the architect Christopher Wren. It is the third temple built after the Great fire of London in 1666. The magnificent dome of a Gothic Cathedral first built in the capital – inside painted with frescoes depicting the Saint’s life. On the upper floors of the building there are galleries, where does the infinite staircase. One of the most popular is the “Gallery of whispers”: if you stick your ear to the wall, you can hear the phrases spoken in a whisper from the other side. To get to the “Golden gallery” will have to overcome as many as 627 steps. In the crypt of the Cathedral lie the famous people of Britain – Nelson and Wellington. Also here are the graves of the Turner, Lawrence, Christopher Wren and Reynolds. During the period of Sunday services, the Cathedral is closed to visitors. On weekdays, it regularly hosts concerts of sacred and secular music.

Another symbol of the city is Westminster Abbey. where services are held on the Anglican rites. Since the time of William the Conqueror all English rulers were crowned here. Many of them joined in marriage here, and many are buried here. Westminster Abbey dates from the 13th century. In his architectural Continue reading

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