Stonehenge — creation of another civilization
Although most scientists believe that Stonehenge was built in the era of the birth of the bronze age (between 1900 and 1600 BC), though there are researchers who attribute this mysterious construction to much more ancient times.
Stonehenge was built by an unknown ancient civilization
This unique structure in the UK has no analogues neither in the country nor in the world. Written about him many articles and books, in Stonhenge excavated, studied, put forward about its origin and purpose of dozens of hypotheses. But now you can’t firmly say that mystery stonhenge disclosed.
The researchers, who suggest that Stonehenge was built by an unknown ancient civilization, pay attention to a number of facts that still require explanation. First, in the period to which many scholars attribute the construction of stonhenge in the area had a small population, and in the construction of this facility had to participate if not hundreds, then certainly tens of thousands of people. But they still had to organize, to unite by a common idea. Who can solve this difficult task with the current then a low level of civilization?
Secondly, rocks (dolerite, rhyolite and volcanic Continue reading
From the XII century Romanesque style gradually became replaced with a new style – Gothic.
This period in the development of medieval art in the territories of Central, Western and Eastern (part) of Europe occurred in the XII-XVI centuries. Initially the term “Gothic” refers to architecture, but he gradually embraced almost all forms of art.
The history of the style
Gothic began their March across Europe from the middle of the XII century with France. From XIII century it had already spread to the territory of modern England, Austria, Germany, Spain, Czech Republic.
Gothic Cathedral in Coutances (France)
To Italy the Gothic style came somewhat modified, it is called: “Italian Gothic”. And Eastern Europe adopted this style later and said goodbye to him later – in the XVI century.
While talking about the farewell to the Gothic, perhaps, be wrong: in the middle of the XIX century (this period was called the period of eclecticism – a mixture of styles) architecture often has to resort to the elements of the Gothic, and later started talking about the neo-Gothic style. The Gothic revival (the”new Gothic”) emerged in England in the 40-ies of the XVIII century – it was the revival of the forms and design features of the medieval Gothic.
In the early nineteenth century coined the term “Gothic novel”, which meant the literary genre of the romantic era Continue reading
The middle ages. The era of romance and lofty emotions, jousting and faith in the other world, produced darkly elegant Gothic.
The word “Gothic” comes from the Italian word “gotico”, which means something barbaric, unusual. This is not surprising since the Gothic style in architecture and art has replaced the usual Europeans Romanesque style, which was the echo of ancient culture ancient Byzantium.
The most evident Gothic style in architecture. Its high Lancet Windows, pointed arches, narrow high tower, and numerous stained glass Windows replaced the massive Romanesque walls with small Windows, bringing in the new architecture of the invention is the frame structure.
Thanks to this design of the building of the Gothic period are easily recognizable.
The main feature of Gothic style is that all elements of the architecture emphasized extended, as if striving upwards. This is because the style originated in the times of the Crusades – religious age, and therefore it manifests itself mostly in the architecture of religious buildings – churches, temples, chapels, etc. representing the human desire for God.
The most striking example of Gothic architecture can serve the Church in the monastery of Saint – Denis, recognized as the first building built in the Gothic style.
This same religiosity Continue reading