Architectural achievements of Ancient Rome
Objective: to acquaint students with the architecture of Ancient Rome, the varieties of buildings and their purpose, continue to develop cognitive abilities of students, the ability to work with sources of information, highlight the main, to raise interest, a sense of respect and admiration for Roman building technology and architecture.
New words . forum (location of architectural structures in a strict order on a huge quadrangular areas); aqueducts (water pipes); viaducts (rock bridges); a pilaster (a flat vertical projection on the surface of the walls); caissons (square indentations, which is divided by a hemispherical ceiling of a dome), Thermae (public baths).
The course of the lesson
I. Organizational moment
Art culture of Ancient Rome left mankind a rich legacy.
The theme of our lesson “the Architectural achievements of Ancient Rome”. In class we will learn the architecture of Ancient Rome, the varieties of buildings and their purpose, construction and material innovations in architecture.
II. New theme
The architecture of Ancient Rome as distinctive Continue reading
Turofed — travel
Megalithic temples of Hagar and Ggantija.
Among other merits before history, the Maltese archipelago is world famous for the fact that the most ancient man-made structures on Earth are located here. This is the megalithic temples.
Hagar “standing stones (to) worship” – a megalithic temple complex on the island of Malta. Refers to the phase of Ggantija Maltese ancient history (3600-3200 BC).
The temple of Hagar Qim stands on a hilltop, with views of the sea and the islet of Filfla (Filfla). The temple is a single temple structure, although it is unclear whether it was built originally as four or pateamine structure. In fact, this religious building from the huge raw or semi-processed stone blocks, which include dolmens (funerary box, covered with a massive flat slab), and menhirs (single standing stones) and cromlechs (circular fence). Maltese megaliths are dolmens.
The fact that all the buildings were built of stone blocks, the size of which is 8 meters long and weighs tens of tons. Still, it remains a mystery how could the people of that era, which were known only primitive tools, to create such a large building material whole complexes of buildings, and even to lay the stones so tightly that they are no cracks. However, Continue reading
Stone Grave – a SUPER ANCIENT STRUCTURE
Stone grave under Melitopol (Ukraine) is one of the oldest temple complexes. It is not just a hill of stone slabs, resembling a grave, but this is a mass grave of dozens of Nations.
Stone Grave – most researchers suggest that it was a natural formation. Scientists suggest that it appeared as follows. Monolithic Sandstone shallow so-called Sarmatian sea slipped on the sand in the cavity, washed by the river, the path split into many boulders. But this is the only in the world of education.
Later, during the Pontian sea, has formed the limestone deposits.
The sea has left, reigned in the desert. Subsequently, it formed the basin of the river that penetrated deep into the earth, and the iron and manganese oxides left on the surface of the sand, forming a stony rock. So gradually arose at this place the Sandstone monolith.
During the melting of the glacier on the North (the border was near present-day Dnepropetrovsk), “big water” flowing down to the South, formed the valleys of the rivers and of the so-called “amphitheater” – huge vimini in the right Bank of the great Breast. They appeared as a result of the rotary movement of a huge mass of water, and due to the natural deepening of the riverbed Dairy huge island Continue reading