amye the first model of the world .
Despite the high level of astronomical information of the peoples of the ancient East, their views on the structure of the world was limited to direct visual feelings. So in Babylon formed the view that the Earth has the form of a raised island surrounded by ocean. Inside the Earth is like “the Kingdom of the dead”. The sky is a solid dome resting on the earth’s surface and separating the “lower waters” (the ocean around earth island) from the “top” (rain) water. This dome is attached to a celestial object, above the sky as if the gods live. The sun rises in the morning, leaving the East gate, and enters through the Western gate, and at night it moves under the Earth.
According to the ideas of the ancient Egyptians, the universe has the appearance of a wide valley, stretched from North to South, it is Egypt. The sky was like a large tin roof, which is supported on pillars, in the form of hanging lamps of the stars.
In Ancient China there existed the notion that the earth has the form of a flat rectangle, which is supported on pillars round domed sky. Furious, the dragon seemed bent Central post, whereby the Land bent to the East. So all rivers in China flow eastward. Heaven bent to the West, therefore all heavenly bodies are moving from East to West.
And only in the Greek colonies on the Western shores of the Continue reading
Underground secrets of Parma.
The first Russians came to the Urals in the XV-XVI centuries, the settlement was continued in XVII century and in XVIII century became widespread. Built fortress towns. Everyone in the Urals famous legends about Chud tribes who built extensive underground tunnels, the arches of which were supported by wooden pillars. Ancient man-made underground labyrinth was discovered at the confluence of the White to the Kama river. Probably they dug the Bulgars before the arrival of the Horde. When the Urals began mining industry, the plants also encompass ramparts, walls, ditches and had its underground part. Built penstocks – tunnels through which the water rushed to the wheels, which resulted in movement mechanisms in plants. Directly to the factory towns came mining, mines gallery. Constructed drainage channels, diverting excess water. The presence of these old mines that sometimes causes failures and subsidence.
In addition to countless number of natural caves in the Urals and a lot of hand-made dungeons with their secrets. These dungeons are called architectural and historical.
To systematically explore the man-made underground cities in the Urals began in the early 80’s. At the Sverdlovsk architectural Institute was organized by the group “Terra”. It was headed by Professor V. Slukin, who wrote the later book.
The first Russians came to the Urals in the XV-XVI centuries, the settlement was continued in XVII century and in XVIII century became widespread. Built fortress towns. Continue reading
The Gothic Church in the suburbs
Only 10 km away. from Moscow, Bykovo is a miracle – the Church in the Gothic style by the project of V. I. Bazhenov.
White stone Church of the Vladimir icon of the Mother of God with the chapel of the Nativity built in 1789
Surprisingly, on each side of the temple looks completely different. A warm entrance to the lower temple is located between the flights of stairs leading to the upper Church. The facade of this right attracts the eye, and looks especially impressive staircase, a steep curve which rapidly lifts you up.
Interestingly, in the original draft Bazhenov was no outer stairs, with two symmetrically arranged Church witness marks.
What a blessing that was implemented the second option, because the staircase itself is a masterpiece of architecture!
In the decorative portico with columns between the arched Windows were sculptures of saints, they disappeared in Soviet times (it told the friendly servant in the Church, with such love and respect treated us, very earnestly, with tears in her eyes told us the story of the temple).
The temple’s decoration is extremely rich, a lot of detail in the Gothic style.
Another feature of the temple oval at the base.
The upper Church of the Vladimir icon of the Mother of God on the restoration. According to the supervisor, the temple is under the protection of UNESCO, distinguished Continue reading